Energy Intensity of GDP

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About ... Energy Intensity of GDP

Zeynep Kahraman, TSP team


The energy intensity is the ratio of primary energy consumption over gross domestic product measured in constant US $ at market exchange rates or purchasing power parities and is often used as an index to measure the energy conservation of a country which includes technological and behavioral factors.

Data Source:

Historical Energy Consumption statistics:

US EIA Historical Statistics for 1980-2013

 U.S. Energy Information Administration, International Energy Statistics, Go to EIA database data accessed 5th of August 2014.

GDP by Type of Expenditure at constant (2005) prices and GDP by Purchasing Power Parities at constant (2005) prices:

United Nations Statistics Division for 1980-2013

United Nations Statistics Division, Go to UNdata database, data accessed 7th July 2013.

 Electricity Production:  

- World Development Indicators for 1980-2013

World Bank, World Development Indicators,Go to World Bank database, data accessed May 2014.

Context and definitions

Total primary energy consumption reported in this table includes the consumption of petroleum, dry natural gas, coal, and net nuclear, hydroelectric, and non-hydroelectric renewable electricity. Total primary energy consumption for each country also includes net electricity imports (electricity imports minus electricity exports).

Individual energy intensities are calculated by dividing the primary energy consumption in Mtoe (TSP calculation see: Primary Energy Consumption Statistics)  for each country and year by the gross domestic market exchange rates in billions of (2005) U.S. dollars and purchasing power parities in billions of (2005) U.S. dollarsfor each available country and year from United Nations Statistics Division.



See also with same dataset

Compare the share of different energy sources in primary energy consumption
Ranking of countries by how much energy is used by each person per year
Energy Balance by Country
Comparing countries inland production and consumption of primary energy

See also with same theme

Compare the share of different sectors based on greenhouse gases emissions
Country level greenhouse gas emissions statistics with sectoral breakdown
Country level long term primary energy consumption statistics