Countries with highest Primary Energy Production

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About ... A century of Energy Production Statistics

Léo Benichou, TSP team


Long term perspective on energy supply is always an appreciated chart ... but original data in a digital format used to be a scarce resource !

Based on the outstanding work from Bouda Etemad and Jean Luciani who synthetized historical energy statistics, Olivier Rech and Aurélie Heyriès had already started to digitalise fossil fuels production data when I joined TSP in 2010. I continued digitalising data concerning peat, nuclear, hydro and geothermal electricity.

I completed the data with US EIA for recent years and merged energy taxonomies and country lists.


Data Sources:

- Etemad & Luciani for the period 1900-1980

Bouda Etemad and Jean Luciani, World Energy Production 1800 – 1985, ISBN 2-600-56007-6, Data digitalized and published with agreement of B. Etemad

- US EIA Historical Statistics for 1981-2013

U.S. Energy Information Administration, International Energy Statistics, Go to EIA database, data accessed 5 August 2014.


Statistical conventions, Primary Energy:

This graph represents production for primary energy. All units represent energy contents. No “physical units” such as mass or volumes are considered.

All data is loaded in Energy unit Mtoe (Million tons of oil equivalent)

The unit conversion factors applied are following:

How to read this graph : 1 Mtoe = 1,4286 Mtce

Energy quantities regarding fossil fuels (oil, gas and coal) represent higher heating value (gross calorific content) and are given by the EIA using country specific calorific content of fuels.

Nuclear energy represents the heat produced by fission and radioactive decay in the fuel (primary "vapor" heat equivalent is calculated from raw nuclear electricity IEA conversion : raw electricity/primary vapor heat equivalent = 33%)

On the contrary, energy quantities under hydro, geothermal, wind, “solar, tide and wave” and “biomass and waste” energy correspond to raw electricity production.

The biodiesel and ethanol energy contents are calculated from volumes given in EIA data and represent lower heating values (net calorific content), the following density and calorific content are then applied:

The overall primary energy (when all the energies are displayed) is the sum of each primary energy data calculated through the related TSP assumptions mentioned above. Thus, the overall primary energy production data presented in the graphs are slightly different from what is presented in EIA database under the labels "Total Primary Energy Production".

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Compare the share of energy sources in the total CO2 emissions from energy sector
Energy Balance by Country
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